Gender equality and social inclusion in WASH interventions: policy and practice insights from a systematic mapping exercise

CEDIL Evidence Brief 5

Biljana Macura, Sarah Dickin, Carla Liera, Adriana Soto, Karin Hannes, Laura del Duca

Poor access to water, sanitation, and hygiene services threatens public health and contributes to a range of gender and social inequalities. Despite the disproportionate impacts of poor WASH, women and marginalised groups often have less say in the delivery and management of these services. 

Recognition of these inequalities has translated into growing attention to gender equality and social inclusion (GESI) mainstreaming in WASH programmes, thought to contribute to both more sustainable WASH services as well as to gender equality and women’s empowerment as a stand-alone goal. However, despite the potential contribution of WASH to achieving gender equality and social justice, WASH interventions are often evaluated using a narrow range of health outcomes, such as diarrhoea and child growth.

This evidence brief provides policy-relevant insights from a comprehensive mapping of evidence of GESI outcomes related to WASH interventions.

Suggested citation:

Macura, B., Dickin, S., Liera, C., Soto, A., Hannes, K., del Duca, L. (2022). Gender equality and social inclusion in WASH interventions: policy and practice insights from a systematic mapping exercise, CEDIL Evidence Brief 5. London and Oxford: Centre of Excellence for Development Impact and Learning. 

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