CEDIL Methods Working Papers

CEDIL Methods Working Papers

The CEDIL Methods Working Paper Series offers innovative research methods to develop impact evaluation and evidence synthesis work in low- and middle-income countries. The papers in this series also advance the understanding of how research methods and theoretical frameworks can be applied for addressing enduring and complex development challenges in low- and middle-income countries.

Latest publication

The strategic use of evidence and gap maps to build evidence architecture

Howard White

Mapping is an evidence synthesis approach that aims to describe what research evidence is available that is relevant to a particular research or policy question. It has emerged as an important way to make evidence available to decision-makers. This paper introduces evidence and gap maps and draws on five case studies to illustrate how they can be used strategically to build evidence architecture. Follow this link to learn more.


Engaging stakeholders with evidence and uncertainty: developing a toolkit

Sandy Oliver, Laurenz Langer, Promise Nduku, Hayley Umayam, Kate Conroy, Charlotte Maugham, Tamsin Bradley, Mukdarut Bangpan, Dylan Kneale, Chris Roche

This paper offers a new framework that helps choose appropriate stakeholder engagement methods while conducting research & supporting decision-making. The framework provides the foundation for a toolkit that highlights major differences in stakeholder engagement, illustrates pathways for choosing appropriate methods, signposts evidence and practical tools, and guidance for identifying and understanding stakeholders and their relationships. Follow this link to learn more.

The Science in the middle: Middle level theory in international development evaluation

Marcella Vigneri

This paper discusses three defining principles of how middle level theorising generates transferable knowledge across disciplines and settings, and uses examples to show the potential of the method in improving international development programmes. Follow this link to learn more

Using big data for evaluating development outcomes: a systematic map

Francis Rathinam, Sayak Khatua, Zeba Siddiqui, Manya Malik, Pallavi Duggal, Samantha Watson and Xavier Vollenweider 

This paper discusses the methodological, ethical and practical constraints relating to the use of big data for measuring and evaluating development outcomes. The paper presents the analysis of a systematic gap map developed by 3ie. The map included 437 studies, comprising impact evaluations, systematic reviews and big data measurement studies.Read more here.

Making predictions of programme success more reliable

Nancy Cartwright, Lucy Charlton, Matt Juden, Tamlyn Munslow and Richard Beadon Williams

This paper provides an account of how a ‘causal–process–tracing theory of change’ can be very helpful for programme prediction, planning and evaluation. The paper uses case studies as running examples to illustrate how this type of detailed theory of change would be built. Download the complete paper here.